Facts on Hawaii

facts on HawaiiInteresting Facts on Hawaii…

Interested to know more about the tropical islands of Hawaii? Look no further! Here are some interesting facts about Hawaii.

Demographics

Known as the Aloha State, Hawaii has a relatively small but burgeoning population. According to the recent United States Census, the country has a population of 185,079. Most of the people are Hawaiians or Americans, and they speak two official languages – English and Hawaiian. However, there are also other languages spoken, such as Pidgin, Samoan and Tongan. Most people reside in the bustling capital of Honolulu in the island of Oahu.

Geography

Hawaii is situated in the Pacific Ocean and consists of 8 main islands, including Big Hawaii, Maui, Lanai, Molokai, Oahu, Kauai, Niihau, and Kaho’ olawe. There are many volcanoes in Hawaii, with the tallest being Mauna Kea at 4,205 metre above sea level. Major rivers that flow in the islands include Wailuku River in Big Island and Anahulu River in Oahu.

Economy

Hawaii’s economy is driven by the tourist, manufacturing and agricultural industries. These major industries make up a large proportion of Hawaii’s gross domestic product. The agriculture sector produces many valuable crops, such as , avocados, guavas, bananas, tomatoes, papayas, coffee beans, macadamia nuts and other fruits and flowers, most of which are exported. Some crops and livestock products, such as potatoes, leeuce, corn, beef cattle, eggs, diary, beef cattle and hogs are produced for local use. Fishing is also a common livelihood among Hawaiians, and the most important commercial fish are swordfish and big eye tuna. Food is processed while other raw materials, such as petroleum, stone, clay, glass are refined to meet the demands of locals and tourists. Besides the manufacturing sector, the service sector also flourishes and contributes to 90 per cent of Hawaii’s gross domestic product. Community, business, and personal services, such as private health care, law, and tourism make up Hawaii’s leading service industry.

History

Hawaii only became a U.S. territory in 1900. Before that, it was a native kingdom throughout most of the 19th century. During this period, it went through an expansion of its sugar industry and political reforms. After Queen Liliuokalani was deposed in 1893, the Republic of Hawaii was eventually established with Sanford B. Dole as president. Later on, Hawaii’s Pearl Harbour came under Japanese attack during World War II in 1941.

Government

The State of Hawaii is run by many politicians in various agencies and departments. The currrent Governor of Hawaii is Democrat Neil Abercrombie. The government administration uses the budget and transforms Hawaii into an innovative, resourceful and relentless country.